Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development
BARD conducts experimental projects to evolve models of improved institutions, administrative structures, coordination and methods of production. The project activities usually involve the villagers, development institutions, local councils and government officials.
So far the Academy has conducted about 50 experimental projects on various aspects of rural development. Through these pilot experimentations, it has been able to evolve the following rural development models that have already been replicated throughout country as components of the Comilla Model:
Besides, government has been replicating two recent models of BARD which are: Comprehensive Village Development Programme (CVDP) and Small Farmers Development Foundation (SFDF).
The Academy is continuously searching out new models of rural development. Some ongoing/recently completed experiments are as follows:
Since 1962, women in the Comilla villages have been organised by BARD so that they can get the facilities of training and services on capital formation, credit operation, kitchen gardening, knitting and sewing and other income generating activities. Based on this experience such programmes are now being implemented by BRDB and many other government and non-government organisations. The ongoing Wonen’s Education, Income and Nutrition Improvement Project (WEINIP) of BARD aims at women’s economic emancipation and empowerment integrating various issues including education, income, nutrition and women’s rights,
Under MIMAP-Bangladesh, the Poverty Monitoring System developed and tested the methodology and the indicators for a local level poverty monitoring system (LLPMS). The experimentation was carried out by BARD in consultation with the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS). The pilot testing was kept limited to one ward under Sreepur Union, Chauddagram Upazila of Comilla, to acquire the required insights prior to its wider replication. On the basis of successful outcomes of the experimental phase, the second phase intended to cover all villages within an entire Union of Muhammadpur (West) under Daudkhandi Upazila of Comilla District to see its effectiveness at Union level. This phase of the research was carried out under the auspices of International Development Research Centre (IDRC) through Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network, Philippines.
Environmental problems in the country especially in the rural areas of Bangladesh are getting worse day by day. Inadequate facilities for disposal of human excreta and the traditional way of human excreta management are great concerns of environmental sanitation. Considering these problems of human excreta management, Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), Comilla and Japan Association of Drainage and Environment (JADE), Japan jointly initiated this project in four Comprehensive Village Development Programme (CVDP) villages with the financial assistance of Japan Fund for Global Environment (JFGE).
Project Duration: November 2004- September 2005
Project Location: Four (4) CVDP Villages which are Hatigara, Raicho, Joypur (North) and Joypur (South)
In this pilot testing, 15 toilets were constructed in four CVDP villages and these toilets are totally different than any other toilet by the villagers. Earlier people were not used accustomed to use this type of toilets and they were not familiar with the use of human excreta and urine as fertilizer for farming. After some motivational activities like workshops, group discussions etc. people were interested to construct these toilets in their homestead areas and they accepted it to use as their own. The beneficiaries started using urine and human excreta (transformed into fertilizer through an in-built process) in home gardening. Nearly all the households of these villages are interested to have this type of toilet in their house. But, the construction cost for each toilet was nearly taka 35,000. So, it is not financially feasible to the villagers to construct this type of costly toilets.
All these measures are interrelated and should be addressed comprehensively.
The Project was the implemented with the financial assistance of KOICA at Burichang Upazila. Under this Project, school Buildings, culverts, roads and community certres were constructed while deep tubewells were installed for irrigation and drinking water supply and training courses were organized for IGA Promotion among the poorest section in the Upazila. BARD also started a GoB –financed action research to develop a model of agricultural insurance for the farmers.
BARD in collaboration with IRRI and Australian CIMMYT has been implementing an action research titled Sustainable Intensification of Rice Maize Production System in Bangladesh. The research has shown positive results in terms of multidimensional agricultural mechanization, reducing dependence on chemical fertilizer, and application of computer technology in increasing soil fertility and crop-production.
BARD with the financial support of UNDP facilitated formulation of Upazila Five Year Plan for Chouddagram and Brahmanpara Upazilas. In the mean time two model Upazila Five Year Plans have been developed.
The Academy in collaboration with the Spain Agency for International Cooperation and Development and ETEA Foundation Foundation Spain conducted another experimental project namely Strengthening of Institutional Capabilities and Rural Population for Territorial Development in Chittagong. The experiment was found useful in strengthening Union Parishad, creating Union level database, developing skilled human resources at village level and asset building at community and household levels.
Experimental project titled E-Parishad for Better Services in Rural Areas. The project aims at creating an ICT platform at Union Parishad level in order to deliver improved and efficient services to rural people.
* 1. Rural Works Programme * 2. Thana Training and Development Center * 3. Thana Irrigation Programme * 4. Two-tier Cooperatives ** 5. Family Planning * * 6. Adult Education * * 7. Village Publicity ** 8. Women's Development * * 9. Rural Health and Nutrition * * 10. Village Child Development Programme * * 11. Feeder School and Imam Teachers Programme * * 12. Mechanised Cultivation * * 13. Marketing, Processing and Storage 14. Poultry and Dairy * * 15. Rural Electrification 16. Mechanical Rice Drying 17. Reclamation of Derelict Tanks 18. Youth Programme 19. Land Use D evelopment Planning 20. Kitchen Gardening and Home Level Food Processing * * 21. Small Farmers and Landless Labourers Development Programme (SFDP) * * 22. Joint Study on Rural development Experiment * * 23. Comprehensive Village Development Programme (CVDP) 24. Local Level Planning and Management 25. Village School and Community Learning 26. Community Information and Planning System 27. Building Capacity for Local Governance 28. Model Village in Rural Development 29. Women’s Education, Income and Nutrition Improvement 30. Ecological Sanitations 31. Agricultural Insurance 32. E-Parishad for Better Services in Rural Areas 33. Strengthening of Institutional Capabilities for Territorial Development in Chittagong 34. Integrated Community Development Project in Burichong Upazila of Comilla District * These Programmes have been accepted for replication all over the country. ** These programmes have been accepted for replication partially or in other form in some selected areas of the country by the government or other agencies.